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What are the yoga sutras

What are the yoga sutras 1

Yoga sutra

The history of yoga goes back five millennia. This physical, psycho-emotional and spiritual practice born in India was originally based on texts called yogas sutras .

Definition of Yoga

Yoga sutra


Before becoming westernized, yoga was essentially based on texts in Sanskrit: yogas sutras.

  • They were written by Patanjali who wrote them around 200 BC.
  • Yoga sutras are a collection of sentences or short statements, also called aphorisms.

These 195 aphorisms have an inspiring and philosophical scope and are at the base:

  • of yoga,
  • and more widely of all Indian philosophy.

The currents that are probably inspired by this are:

  • the Iyengar Yoga
  • the yoga of Energy.

Their primary goal is to achieve purification of the mind.

The 4 chapters of yoga sutras

The 195 aphorisms are divided into 4 chapters:

  • the first chapter deals particularly with concentration,
  • the 2nd chapter deals with spiritual practice,
  • the third chapter deals with yoga techniques to achieve higher states of consciousness,
  • the fourth chapter deals with a state called liberation: it is the ultimate stage which is the goal of yoga.

This last stage is attained with patience and above all a diligent and rigorous practice: so do not expect to reach it at the first yoga classes.

Yogas sutras: the 5 founding principles of yoga

5 great principles flow from yogas sutras. If they are observed in practice, these principles bring the practitioner to a global harmony:



The choice of exercise.

  • The exercise must be appropriate.
  • There is no question of mistreating your body by improperly exercising or exercising contraindicated to our state of health.
See also  Yoga therapy of varicose veins of the pelvic organs

The correct breathing.

  • Breathing has a primary place in yoga.
  • Each movement is punctuated by breathing.
  • Doing an exercise without knowing how to breathe correctly would not help.

The correct relaxation.

  • The exercise practiced with proper breathing must also be done with the correct presence of the practitioner.
  • The thought should not wander during practice.
  • This brings a certain concentration on the present moment, but at the same time the mental emptiness of all that does not concern present action and relaxation.


  • Less common in the West, this principle is however essential in the yoga of India.
  • Also include the concept of vegetarianism and a healthy diet for the good health of the body.
  • This principle is also found in Ayurveda.

Concentration / meditation.

This principle is both related to mind and spirituality.

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