What are the best yoga exercises for parkour?
This is a guest post from NF community member Dakao, who trains in all kinds of awesomely nerdy things like weapon making, martial arts, and parkour. I’m fascinated with the concept of parkour but haven’t tried it yet, so I asked Dakao to put together a guide for people who want to get started but don’t know how. Take it away Dakao!
It’s inevitable that someone would connect the dots between Nerd Fitness and parkour. After all, parkour’s approach closely follows the precepts of the Nerd Fitness Rebellion:
- Train naturally: parkour is a stellar poster child for natural movement training.
- Train with conviction and intelligence: parkour’s emphasis on awareness of your environment and circumstances, as well as performance under pressure, requires as much of these qualities as you can muster, then challenges you to dig deep down and find even more.
- Train for fun: the playful and spontaneous nature of parkour encourages creativity in a way that I can only liken to improvisational jazz and dancing.
If you have NO idea what parkour is, watch this quick 4-minute video and get inspired:
What Is Parkour?
Parkour is natural, effective movement. That’s it.
In French, we use the term passement for overcoming any obstacle. You pass or traverse a barrier in whatever way suits you and the moment; there’s no one prescribed method for anything. Parkour is a lens of efficiency applied to every aspect of your movement through life. At its broadest definition, it implies a low-impact and considerate attitude towards bosses, co-workers, family, friends, driving, consumer purchases, and the environment (natural or manmade).
What is the least effort and stuff you need in order to live the most meaningful and happy life you can make for yourself? As with the Nerd Fitness Rebellion, it is an exuberant and responsible celebration of life.
What Is It Not?
Flips, tricks, aerial acrobatics, etc. These movements can be used to traverse certain obstacles more rapidly or aggressively, but their use in parkour is ultimately dictated by need.
Will your zombie pursuers be deterred by a double front tuck flip as you clear a 14′ gap? Or do you just need to leap and roll the gap? Or again, maybe a quadrupedal crawl across that fallen log bridge might be best.
Success is a must, and looking cool comes from success.
People who have never done parkour (or any other high-risk physical activity) tend to see only the sensational end results on youtube, and not the obsessive levels of meticulous and conservative training that underpin the visible final product. Safety is huge, but ultimately a part of “effective.” The speed and airborne moves you may have seen can be a part of parkour, but are far from necessary.
Parkour is for Everyone
Anyone can figure out a way to traverse an obstacle.
Parkour is just a mindset to find your own best way through in each particular situation and moment. From one week to the next, you could be looking at the same obstacle.
Your developing traceur’s eye (a traceur is somebody who practices parkour, by the way) will see different ways over or around it depending on conditions. Is it wet, dry, hot, dark, cold, sunny, etc.? These are conditions over which you have no control. Ignore them at your peril, but become familiar with them and you may find ways to turn them to your advantage.
Conditions you CAN control relate to your mind and body: are you tired, fresh, fed, hungry, on or off balance, distracted, fit or out of shape? You can take care of these before training; you will likely not be able to control them if you are fleeing from bears, zombies, or the Pope (heckuva sprinter), so come prepared.
Start Taking Charge of Your Life
Anything we do in life can be as easy or hard as we care to make it.
Parkour just makes us realize it up front. Taking five or ten seconds to set and prepare for a standing jump is easy. Carefully climbing over a four-foot wall is easy. But when preparation time is taken away, the pressure to perform makes the same task much harder. Any traverse or passement rapidly becomes challenging when you have to do it at a dead sprint.
The hardest and most beautiful thing about parkour and other challenging activities is that they unequivocally call shenanigans on us when no one else will. When you stand on top of a 6-foot wall and look down at the concrete or grass below, you can say whatever you like. “It’s easy!” “Man, that looks scary!”
But that knot in the pit of your stomach will tell you what you really feel. Your mind will know whether you trained a hundred jumps and landings this past week, or whether you slacked off and played Xbox for three hours every day. If you trained up on your shorter jumps and landings, the knot will be smaller or not there. If you didn’t, the knot will be so large it’ll threaten to choke you with fear.
Good parkour is fairly easy. Impressive, fast, and aggressive parkour is hard.
If you want to perform YouTube or District B13 movie quality parkour, your typical time per passement goes from five seconds to half a second, which is a tenfoldincrease in difficulty. Your methods, movements, and relative safety considerations must all adapt when your time changes. Got it? Good! Let’s move onto some basic training on how to get started.
Beginner Training For Parkour
If you’ve done any of the workouts discussed on the Nerd Fitness forums or body weight circuits, you’ve already begun to train for parkour.
Do not take my advice here as a requirements set in stone but instead learn your body, and you will be able to learn parkour. Activities like yoga, lacrosse, boxing, swiming, and running (and so on) will keep your body in peak physical condition and ready for anything.
If you need more direction than that, here’s a basic Parkour training routine:
- 10 squats (building up to plyometric box jumps)
- 10 push-ups
- 10 leg lifts on your back with both legs
- 10 pull-ups
Do two sets of this list, every other day. If some or all of this list is too hard, reduce your reps per set for the hard exercise(s) until you can do two sets. I started on pull-ups with 1.5 pull-ups per set. It’s OK to start with even half a pull-up or merely hanging and flexing. The important thing is to do 10% more next week than you can this week.
Here’s how to progress:
- Each week, add 1-2 reps to each exercise (2×12, 2×14, 2×15, etc.)
- After doubling the reps for each exercise (2×20), add another full set to your workout (3×20; you may have to temporarily reduce reps on that final set back down to 10 or less).
- When you can do 4×20, perform each rep a little faster, more explosively, to get in a more plyometric and aerobic workout.
My own goal is a fairly arbitrary 5×20 b/c it’s a nice, round number. Once I achieve it for an exercise, I give myself the okay to tackle new and more difficult exercises.
On To the Good Stuff
Let’s start with our jumps.
Find some stairs or outdoor steps, and practice jumping with your whole body. Jump from the ground up to one step, then two, then three, etc. You should be relaxed, well-balanced with a relatively upright posture, and land softly on your toes 10 times in a row before you add another step to your jumps the next session or week:
- 1-2 steps is easy
- 3-4 is a moderate challenge
- 5-6 is difficult
- I’ve never seen anyone clear 7 steps.
Chug water after each set. You may pee a lot now, but it’s a good habit for later when you’re outside tearing it up for three hours in the sun. Energy drinks and sodas are right out. However, I’ve heard some studies show that a small dose of caffeine prior to a workout helps you perform better.
# Monkey Plant
Monkey plants are an intense exercise, useful for building general fitness and specifically upper body pushing strength and leg power. Think of them like a box jump on steroids or an obstacle-based burpee. Adding the use of your hands and covering more vertical distance means that more work is done and you get a better full body workout. Monkey plants bring you to a standing position on top of an obstacle — useful as you transition into a jump or run. The monkey plant also progresses to other skills like top-outs and kong vaults.
# Forward Walking Lunge
The forward walking lunge is a common exercise used to develop single leg strength. Despite the countless techniques in athletics that involve jumping or landing off one foot at weird angles, most people tend to focus most of their energy on bilateral leg exercises like squats and deadlifts. The strength built from lunges directly applies to movements in parkour such as doing a one footed running jump or a tic tac. Additionally, the forward walking lunge is a good exercise to develop the posterior chain which is the main contributor to jumping and sprinting power.
# Wall Handstand
The handstand is an important fundamental of gymnastics, and should be in parkour as well. Handstands increase upper body strength, spatial awareness, and balance. Also, the handstand is a great way to become familiar with controlling the body in an inverted state, making it a vital introduction to tumbling and acrobatics.
However, it can be dangerous and frustrating to try freestanding handstands when first starting out. To develop a handstand in a more efficient manner, begin by practicing against a wall. New practitioners should start out with the stomach against wall version because it promotes better alignment and technique.
# Broad Jump
One of the most fundamental movements of parkour, the broad jump is applied during gap jumps, precision jumps, arm jumps, and more. In addition, the broad jump is a great full body exercise for developing power, strength, and overall body coordination.
# Knees to Elbows
Knees to elbows is a great core exercise with perfect application to a fundamental skill needed in parkour; the ability to lift your knees toward your chest. In order to do many techniques including underbars, pullovers, and laches, you cannot rely on only lifting your body with your arms, you must also learn to lift your body with your core. Additionally, the movement in which you bring your knees to your chest is found in many other movements including back flips, vaults, and jumping.