What is the difference between yoga, pranayama, and meditation?
Difference between yoga, pranayama, and meditation
Hatha yoga is based on asanas (positions) and pranayama (breathing technique, also known as shatkarma). Traditional hatha yoga is a complex practice that includes the following disciplines: body positions (asanas), purification procedures (shatkriya), postures (mudras), breathing (pranayama) and meditation.
Hatha yoga is one of the directions of yoga, which focuses on physical culture, the second direction is called raja yoga. The main difference is that in Raja Yoga, asanas are used mainly to prepare the body for prolonged meditation, so the focus is on meditative asanas: the pose of lotus (padmasana), siddhasana, sukhasana, vajrasana. Hatha Yoga uses not only meditative, but also dynamic positions. Also, the use of pranayama in raja yoga is devoid of excessive locks (bandhas).