What is asthma?
Symptoms of Alarm: -Crisis or Asthma Attack-
- Breathing difficulty
- Rapid pulse and anxiety.
- Decreased mental alertness
- Lips and face bluish.
The symptoms of asthma attack often cause:
- Daytime fatigue
- Decrease in activity
How can Yoga help patients with asthma
Ancestral Yogic techniques recommended for asthma:
- Preparation: Use a quarter of a teaspoon of non-iodized salt for each 230 grams of warm water (not hot). In this way you get a salinity similar to that of tears.
- Procedure: With the head tilted to one side, pour the liquid from the lota or pear in the nasal orifice that was above. The liquid passes through that hole and exits through the bottom one. Keep your mouth open while doing this – respire or not. You can repeat once or twice on each side – every day, even more than once. Next, clean your nose gently to expel excess fluid. (McCall, 2010)
The Jala Neti is especially useful to reduce the symptoms of asthma, sinusitis, colds and nasal allergies.
“Today I am from Mother Nature, who gives me this pure air to take advantage of in order to give me health and strength, in it I breathe health, strength and energy, I enjoy the sensation of the air that heaves me and I notice its beneficial effects. -I’m from Nature and I enjoy your gifts. ” (Yogi Ramacharaka, 1969)
- Very important are sukshma vyayama, in which emphasis is placed on the development of the shoulder girdle. With asthma, hypertension of muscles associated with lung function can be observed: trapezoidal, belt, anterior dentate, ladder, spinal rectifier. When these muscles are tense, the movement of the ribs and the entire chest is broken, respectively, the position of the head and shoulder girdle can change. Because of this, the bronchi are drained and earlier the expiratory closure of the bronchi takes place, as a result of which ventilation in the lower parts of the lungs is significantly weakened. It is important to give joint exercises at the very beginning of the exercises, which include the work of the muscular, articular and ligament apparatus of the shoulder girdle.
Sukshma Vyayama helps to get rid of muscle tension, redistribute muscle tone, improve the performance of respiratory muscles and, as a result, optimize the ventilation of the lungs. Moreover, dynamic practices aimed at working out the shoulder girdle help normalize the interaction of the musculoskeletal system, the central nervous system and the bronchial tree.
- Practices using forced breathing – kapalabhati and bhastrika are useful immediately for several reasons. First, the pressure drops in the airways contribute to the excretion of mucus. Secondly, frequent breathing activates the tone of the sympathetic nervous system, which helps the faster flow of anti-inflammatory processes in the bronchi.
Of course, in severe forms of bronchial asthma, bhastrika and kapalabhati should be developed gradually, beginning with small cycles and mild options, since rapid and rapid breathing can trigger an attack of asthma.
- From asanas, the most important are the deflections: they help activate sympathetic and shape the muscle tone that promotes the therapy of bronchial asthma.
- Full breathing is also a very important and effective practice. Full yoga breathing contributes to the restoration of the normal participation of the diaphragm in the respiratory process and, moreover, gives the patient the awareness that he can control his own breathing, which is very important from a psychological point of view.
- The breathing of ujayi helps to more evenly include all the respiratory muscles in the breathing process, promotes a smoother cleansing of the airways from the exhaust air, prevents the collapse of small bronchial tubes during exhalation.
- The practice of vibrating techniques helps to facilitate the excretion of mucus. For this, you can sing vowel sounds in combination with vibrational gymnastics: tapping the chest with brushes, fingertips and fists.
- Pay attention to such shatkarms as neti and vamana-dhauti. Normal nasal breathing is very important, as stimulation of the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract will promote natural expansion of the bronchi and bronchioles. To normalize nasal breathing, use jala-neti and sutra-neti, as well as kapalabhati (also, incidentally, refer to shatkarmas) and bhastriku, which have already been mentioned above.
Vamana-dhauti can significantly reduce the frequency and duration of asthma attacks. This is due to the fact that vomiting changes the activity of the nuclei of the respiratory, cough center and affects the vagus nerve – the main nerve of the parasympathetic nervous system.
- Relaxation techniques will also have a salutary effect: they will help you get rid of anxiety, fear of another bout. It is important to remember that therapy of bronchial asthma, especially at the initial stages, is aimed at maintaining a sympathetic tone, so shavasana should not be long: 5-7 minutes will be enough. You can also put something (a folded blanket, support block) under your back in the thoracic region.
With the systematic implementation of the above practices, the state of the patient with bronchial asthma in most cases is significantly improved. The patient enters into a stable remission, attacks appear less and less, doses of drugs are reduced.