The basis of the female reproductive system is based on three levels of endocrine regulation: hypothalamus, pituitary and ovaries. All three levels are connected to each other direct and reverse links. The normal menstrual flow depends on the proper operation of the ovaries, and this, in turn, by the normal activity of the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland under the influence of gonadotropin-releasing hormone produces two main factors that influence directly at the ovaries – follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing (LH) hormone. Both these hormones play an important role in the maturation of the follicle and egg development of ovarian estrogen and progesterone, as well as maintaining a regular menstrual cycle.
Women’s diseases associated with the violation of menstruation
Quite often, depending on the overall or local conditions, menstrual process may be broken, it can be irregular or excessive, cause discomfort and sharp pain. This is considered a disorder of menstruation cycle process. The main women’s diseases associated with menstrual cycle disorders include:
Amenorrhea – absence of (failure) monthly or delayed puberty. This is a rare phenomenon, caused by the underdevelopment of the pituitary gland, in turn delays the puberty. Sometimes a delay of puberty is caused by both physical and psychological causes.
Dysmenorrhea – difficult flowing painful menstruation, which can be caused by anemia, malnutrition or cold, disorder or damage of the genitals, and a number of psychological factors: pain, disharmony, anxiety neurosis.
Menorrhagia – heavy and prolonged menstruation, in which the frequency of cycles saved.
Metrorrhagia – uterine bleeding; similar to menorrhagia, but bleeding are random and can be either before or after menstruation. This leads to a change in the cycle time, the damage of its regularity.
Gipomenorreya – reduced bleeding; allocating scarce due to the underdevelopment of the uterus or ovaries and disadvantages of the formation of the endocrine glands.
Oligomenorreya – limited bleeding; while loops are elongated.
Polimenorreya – frequent bleeding; cycles are repeated at short intervals.
All these above symptoms of menstrual disorders caused by a variety of factors such as abnormal development of reproductive organs, hormonal imbalance in the endocrine glands, muscle weakness of the reproductive organs, or a weak constitution. In addition to the physiological and organic abnormalities play a role also psychological factors.
In the presence of these symptoms it is recommended to turn to yoga classes. Asanas and Pranayama
Asanas for the treatment and prevention of menstrual disorders
Recommended implementation inverted postures (for leveling work hypothalamus-pituitary-ovarian system Salamba Sirshasana , Salamba Sarvangasana ) as This significantly increases the blood circulation in the brain artery. Due to the increase of blood flow increases the intracellular metabolism of neurons, increasing update their receptor apparatus, increased sensitivity to hormonal influences, activate forward and backward linkages between the hypothalamus axis units – pituitary – ovary.
During the inverted asanas from the pelvic area there is an outflow of venous blood. This is an area in women occurs congestion, which affects the development of varicose veins of small pelvis. The disease is a cause of chronic pelvic pain and exacerbates inflammation and disorders of the uterus and ovary functions. Regular performance of inverted asanas offloads venous bed pelvic area. A particularly effective combination of an inverted position with twisting elements ( Parsva Sarvangasana , Parsva halasana ). Inverted asanas also have a stimulating effect on the liver, increasing the hepatic blood flow. A significant proportion of the transformation and exchange of steroid hormones occurs in the liver, so to normalize hormonal levels need to include Halasanu .
Dysfunction of the work of genitals is very useful performance of asanas, intense impact on the perineum and hip joints. These include Baddha Konasana , Supta Baddha Konasana , Padmasana , Gomukhasana , Ardha Chandrasana , Utthita Trikonasana , Virabhadrasana I , Prasarita Padottanasana ).
One of the causes of menstrual disorders is a constant emotional stress, and chronic stress. Hypothalamus – the structure is not only receptive to the signals ‘from below’, from the pituitary gland and ovaries, but to the effects of the “top” – the part of the cerebral cortex, the mind, the emotions, the processes of higher nervous activity. Outbreaks of “negative” excitation cortex interfering with subcortical structures violate disrupt their work and coordinated interaction.
Practice Shavasana contributes to the normalization of mental and emotional background, elimination of stagnant lesions and the excessive effects on the coordinated operation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian.